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Type and tools

The Development Assistance Committee (DAC) has defined a series of tools to be used by all participants in international cooperation, in order to categorise the type of cooperation action carried out with partner countries.

These tools cover  general or sector-specific budget contributions made to developing countries,  general assistance to NGOs, PPPs and research institutions, general contributions made to Multilateral Development Organisations (OMUDES), assistance to funds and programmes managed by OMUDES, development projects and programmes,  technical experts and support,  debt operations, administrative costs, awareness-creation and refugee support.

In terms of the assistance channelled through non-OMUDES institutions or organisations, the support of development projects and programmes, including humanitarian aid projects, is highly notable in Spanish Cooperation. Projects are a basic tool in cooperation and public policy and a strong emphasis is placed on improving their effectiveness. One of the key commitments made by Spanish Cooperation is to reinforce the use of the most effective approaches to aid by attempting to frame the greatest possible number of tools within aprogramme based approach.

One of these approaches is budget support. Upon adopting a budget-support approach, an evaluation is carried out based on an analysis of the risks associated with carrying out these operations in certain countries and the need for harmonisation between the EU and the Member States.

Support of specific OMUDES programmes, provision of experts and training grants for people from developing countries are some of the other tools traditionally used in Spanish Cooperation. Spanish Cooperation is also highly committed to development education, which includes initiatives to enhance social awareness about development-related topics.


  1. Budget support: 1,3%
  2. General support for NGOs, PPP and Research Institutes: 0,2%
  3. General contributions to OMUDES: 54,9%
  4. Specific OMUDES programs and donor baskets: 2,4%
  5. Projects and programs: 22,6%
  6. Experts, scholarships and training: 2%
  7. Debt operations: 9,4%
  8. Administrative expenses: 5,2%
  9. Social awareness: 1,2%

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