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Reducing inequality

Children playing in a park built by Spanish Cooperation


The developing world continues to face great challenges in terms of vulnerability and inequality, from a human rights perspective and especially in countries and regions with the lowest income levels or in fragile States. Likewise, in middle-income countries, large pockets of poverty and inequality continue to exist alongside significant increases in wealth.

 Vulnerability draws a fine line which many people tread every day between survival and extreme poverty, between a sufficient or insufficient livelihood and between safety or conflict and displacement. This line is all to easily crossed due to institutional fragility, armed conflict, natural disasters, environmental degradation or the impact of external shocks or crises, such as those experienced in recent years (related to food, energy or the economy). Therefore, on the one hand, these situations must be prevented but on the other, must also be faced and resolved. To achieve this, we have established the following priority lines of action:

Prevention policies.
Social protection programmes.
Adequate and sufficient food during crisis.
  • Prevention policy against external or structural shocks.
    • The fight against hunger.
    • Food security.
    • Nutritional security.
    • Health.
  • Coordinating and directing humanitarian action and development strategies.
  • Supporting social protection policies with a gender-based approach.
  • Supporting conditional transfer programmes with a production-based approach.
  • Extending the scope of social protection.
  • Ensuring the accessibility and tax sustainability of programmes by reducing the risk of exclusion.
  • Reduction and control of the factors that determine the level of vulnerability to food crises and to severe and chronic malnutrition.
  • Addressing prevention and risk management by encouraging the development of resilience mechanisms and crisis management.
  • Management for Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR).
  • Reinforcing resilience mechanisms.
  • The Social Protection Floor Initiative (UN).
  • Good practices ( Bolsa Familia Program in Brazil, productive safety nets in Ethiopia, etc.)
  • South-South and Triangular Cooperation.
  • Regional monitoring and early warning systems.
  • Safety net support.
  • Priority support for food security.


The work of the Secretary-General's Office for Cooperation:

1. Prevention policies

  • We are making progress with the construction of the shared agenda on resilience; working in partnerships and focusing on technical intervention and evidence in all sectors and at all levels. The Resilience-based approach in Spanish Cooperation Document will be produced, taking into account the conclusions of the seminar held in November 2013 at the Spanish Agency for International Development Cooperation (AECID) entitled “From vulnerability to overcoming crises: community resilience”.
  • In the context of the future post-2015 development agenda, we look to strengthen resilience, international commitment to the reduction of risks and adaptation to climate change.

2. Social protection programmes

  • Through the ACERCA programme, informal education will be provided for socially excluded groups.
  • The AECID Network of Cultural Centres in Latin American and Equatorial Guinea has a specific line of programmes for working towards reducing inequality and for encouraging inclusion.
  • The associated Vocational Schools Programme and the Heritage Programme provide education for students who are at serious risk of social exclusion and come from the most disadvantaged social sectors.
  • Consolidation of Spain's position on the reduction of vulnerability and inequality, promoting successful social protection policies on the international agenda.

3. Adequate and sufficient food during crisis

  • Assisting in the creation of strategic food reserves in the Sahel region.
  • Safety net support.
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